Lesson 1: Definitions of Grammar


1. In Bachman's model of language competence, there are three macro-levels labeled as follows:

2. The type of grammatical structures represented in oral language may differ from the ones used in written language.

3. In oral language, the Spanish synthetic future may sometimes be associated with the expression of probability while the periphrastic future is the one that more consistently conveys the notion of future.

Clear Answers


A contextualized definition of grammar poses a challenge to both teachers and students because it broadens significantly the scope of the target language. For instance, should we teach grammatical structures used in both spoken and written language? Should we teach more than one regional variety of language? Should we expose students to registers of the language which are not restricted to the academic register typically represented in textbooks? Think about these challenges and make a list of possible solutions to this dilemma.