Lesson 1: Definitions of Grammar

Oral vs. Written Language

Let us now explore grammar in the context of oral versus written language.

Analyze Two Grammar Lessons

Take a few minutes to read through these lesson plans, designed to introduce the use of commands in Spanish.

  • What are the main differences between them?
  • Which one would you use in class and why?
  • Which definition of grammar is implicit in each one of these two lesson plans?

Lesson Plan 1

Lesson Plan 2

Listen to the comments on the characteristics of Lesson Plans 1 and 2. What specific features of these lesson plans do they identify in detail? Do you agree with their analysis?


A discussion about the lesson plans.

Duration: 03:09

After analyzing the two lesson plans, the language teachers felt that Lesson Plan 1 was geared for written language only, while Lesson plan 2 also included oral language instruction.

Think about the distinction between oral and written language instruction in the context of grammar.


Follow-up on the lesson plan discussion.

Duration: 02:38

Grammatical Structures in Oral Language

In the following segment, the instructor mentions a variety of grammatical structures typically used in oral language.

Which grammatical structures are used in oral language? Watch the video segment to confirm your answer.

  1. impersonal se (se cortan ...)
  2. first person singular (corto ...)
  3. first person plural (cortamos ...)
  4. second person singular (cortas ...)
  5. second person plural (cortan ...)
  6. Infinitive (cortar ...)
  7. Formal commands (corte ... )

Grammatical structures used in oral language.

Duration: 00:56